Children with special needs frequently require treatments not only in terms of medications, but also in terms of motor development, speech, and behaviour, among other things. The holistic development of a child is aided by this multidisciplinary approach. Following are some of the most commonly used therapies for children with special needs intervention.
Occupational Therapy: One of the most frequently used therapy, with services available to both children and adults. Occupational therapy is a type of health-care support that assists people of all ages with physical, sensory, and cognitive issues. Occupational therapists are professionals that assist people in overcoming obstacles that affect their emotional, social, and physical requirements. They do so through engaging in daily activities, workouts, and other therapy. Occupational therapy aids in the development of fine and gross motor abilities, eye-hand coordination, mastery of basic life skills, and the acquisition of social skills, among other things.
Speech Therapy: The screening and treatment of communication issues and speech disorders is known as speech therapy. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), often known as speech therapists, execute the procedure. To improve communication, speech therapy approaches are performed. Depending on the type of speech or language issue, these may include articulation therapy, language intervention exercises, and others. Speech therapy can help children and adults with a variety of speech and language impairments and disorders. Speech therapy can help with communication and self-confidence if started early.
Behavioural Therapy: Behavioural therapy is a catch-all phrase for various types of therapy used to treat mental disorders. This type of treatment aims to detect and assist in the modification of potentially harmful or unhealthy behaviours. It is based on the notion that all behaviours are taught and that unhealthy behaviours can be modified. Treatment is usually focused on present issues and how to address them.
People with a wide range of problems can benefit from behavioural treatment. Behavioural therapy is most typically used to treat depression, anxiety and panic attacks, troubles with rage. It can also aid in the treatment of the following illnesses and disorders: eating disorders, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), Phobias associated with ADHD, especially social phobias, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), drug abuse, and self-harm to name a few. Adults and children alike can benefit from this form of therapy.
Applied Behaviour Analysis Therapy: Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is a sort of therapeutic intervention that uses reward approaches to improve social, communication, and learning skills. It can focus on specific skill learning such as fine motor dexterity, sanitation, grooming, and so on, in addition to enhancing general adaptive behaviours like social skills and learning skills. Autism Behavioural Therapy is another name for it, but it's simply one of ABA's applications. In a number of contexts, including schools, homes, and clinics, ABA is beneficial for both children and adults with psychological disorders. It's also been proven that consistent ABA therapy can improve positive abilities and behaviours while reducing the need for future special assistance.
ABA therapy programmes can help children with language and communication abilities, attention, focus, social skills, memory, and academic performance, and reduce the frequency of behavioural issues. ABA therapy uses knowledge of how behaviour works in real-life circumstances to boost useful behaviours and decrease detrimental or learning-inhibiting behaviours. ABA is a type of flexible treatment that may be tailored to each individual's needs. It can be delivered in a variety of settings, including the home, school, and community.
A licensed behavioural psychologist is in charge of the program's design and oversight. The ABA programme is customized to the child's talents, needs, interests, preferences, and family situation. The ABA programme begins with a thorough evaluation of the child's current skills and preferences in order to develop specific therapy goals. Techniques such as positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, using prompts and cues, Task analysis, and Generalization are used.
Aside from the therapies stated, there are a few others that can aid in the development of a kid with special needs. The following are the details: Art therapy, music therapy, aqua therapy, vision therapy, listening therapy, neurofeedback therapy, and social skills training therapy are all examples of different types of therapy.
Personalized and unique help is very beneficial to children with special needs. All the mentioned therapies utilize strategies to help children who need a little extra help grow into independent, well-adjusted, and cheerful people.
Author: Laura Menezes, Teaching Faculty – DLP
The Aditya Birla Integrated School
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